大学教师

    基本学位要求

    博士学位

    典型专业

    教育学

    工作经验要求

    在岗培训

    十年岗位增数

    177,000*(37)

    十年岗位增幅

    +13%(教育界:8%;全行业:7%)*(37)

    注:

    (1) 岗前培训表示:该职业从业人员被公司录用后,正式上岗前是否需要一个简短培训    

    (2) 十年岗位增数表示:2014-2024年该职业预期将增加的就业岗位数,同理“十年岗位增幅”

    大学教师(Postsecondary teachers)的授课范围较广,包括学术知识和假期课程以及研究、论文指导等。大学教师的职责要求包括:课程讲授、课程设计、学生评估、学生课程咨询及辅导、课程创新、指导研究与实验、出版著作及论文、管理服务等。针对不同院系的教师,职责要求也不一,还有部分大学教授大部分时间都用于钻研学术研究及论文写作,教学时间很少;基本上授课都是交由研究生助教等负责。大学教师的授课方式包括:大班、小班、讲座和实验室授课等。

    大部分大学教师需在教学与学术研究之间做平衡。这样压力会非常大,尤其是针对寻求空间提升的4年研究型大学教授。相对而言,研究生助教的工作时间较灵活,但他们需要花大量的时间和精力在自己的课业上,压力会很大。通常都是白天授课,当然晚上和周末也会根据情况授课。大部分大学教授暑期放假或是做研究或是旅游。

    通常而言,大学教师需具备博士文凭,从事于社区学院的教授而言,硕士学位足矣;针对职业技术学院而言,经验更重要。

    就业展望与薪资

    学科

    平均年薪

    薪水范围(25%-75%)

    从业人数

    产业最集中

    从业人口最多

    商学

    $92,220

    $49,770- $116,740

    84,890

    阿拉斯加州

    纽约州*(1)

    计算机科学

    $84,700

    $52,700- $105,020

    33,760

    西弗吉尼亚州

    加州*(2)

    数学

    $77,290

    $49,000- $94,550

    53,850

    罗德岛州

    加州*(3)

    建筑学

    $84,880

    $52,110- $100,680

    7,340

    罗德岛州

    德州*(4)

    工程学

    $104,220

    $68,170- $129,570

    33,970

    罗德岛州

    德州*(5)

    农学

    $95,280

    $66,930- $118,080

    9,680

    北达科他州南达科他州怀俄明州堪萨斯州阿肯色州

    德州*(6)

    生物学

    $86,830

    $54,950- $106,700

    51,640

    阿拉巴马州

    德州*(7)

    林业及保育科学

    $91,030

    $63,850- $115,310

    10,930

    俄勒冈州亚利桑那州缅因州、南达科他州

    纽约州*(8)

    大气、地球、海洋及空间科学

    $92,540

    $59,280- $116,530

    10,890

    缅因州

    加州*(9)

    化学

    $86,070

    $55,250- $104,150

    21,460

    西弗吉尼亚州

    纽约州*(10)

    环境科学

    $88,570

    $58,250- $109,870

    5,540

    马里兰州

    纽约州*(11)

    物理

    $93,950

    $59,700- $116,070

    14,310

    罗德岛州

    纽约州*(12)

    人类学考古学

    $85,440

    $57,040- $104,770

    6,000

    康涅狄格州

    纽约州*(13)

    地区、种族与文化研究

    $81,700

    $51,920- $99,350

    9,240

    亚利桑那州、西弗吉尼亚州、康涅狄格州、罗德岛州

    纽约州*(14)

    经济学

    $106,980

    $65,170- $130,180

    13,580

    罗德岛州

    纽约州*(15)

    地质学

    $79,690

    $55,950- $98,900

    4,350

    西弗吉尼亚州

    宾夕法尼亚州*(16)

    政治学

    $88,680

    $55,280- $108,360

    17,460

    哥伦比亚特区

    德州*(17)

    心理学

    $79,370

    $51,210- $96,540

    38,380

    佛蒙特州

    加州*(18)

    社会学

    $76,750

    $51,570- $93,240

    16,160

    罗德岛州

    纽约州*(19)

    医疗卫生

    $114,510

    $59,660- $149,570

    178,900

    北卡罗来纳州

    德州*(20)

    护理

    $73,150

    $53,420- $87,080

    57,390

    德州

    肯塔基州*(21)

    教育学

    $68,200

    $44,640- $82,430

    60,260

    夏威夷州

    纽约*(22)

    图书馆科学

    $73,030

    $53,860- $88,120

    4,910

    堪萨斯州、阿拉巴马州

    德州*(23)

    刑事司法及执法

    $64,460

    $45,520- $77,000

    14,560

    北卡罗来纳州

    北卡罗来纳州*(24)

    律师

    $126,230

    $62,880- $168,490

    16,430

    麻省

    纽约州*(25)

    社会工作

    $69,030

    $46,190- $85,420

    11,740

    康涅狄格州

    纽约州*(26)

    艺术、音乐舞蹈

    $76,710

    $47,120- $91,580

    98,310

    麻省

    加州*(27)

    通信

    $70,290

    $46,820- $87,460

    29,050

    哥伦比亚特区

    加州*(28)

    英语语言与文学

    $71,210

    $45,650- $86,350

    75,730

    罗德岛州

    加州*(29)

    外语及文学

    $69,520

    $45,630- $82,980

    30,120

    哥伦比亚特区

    加州*(30)

    历史

    $76,670

    $51,270- $93,450

    23,680

    罗德岛州

    德州*(31)

    哲学宗教学

    $75,140

    $48,440- $91,550

    23,820

    哥伦比亚特区

    纽约州*(32)

    研究生助教

    $32,510

    $45,860- $42,280

    125,100

    俄勒冈州、新墨西哥州密歇根州、西弗吉尼亚州

    德州*(33)

    家庭经济学

    $69,090

    $45,810- $87,630

    3,650

    犹他州、堪萨斯州、阿拉巴马州

    加州*(34)

    健身与康复学

    $66,090

    $42,140- $80,960

    17,980

    亚利桑那州

    加州*(35)

    假期教学

    $54,260

    $37,010- $66,070

    119,800

    西弗吉尼亚州

    德州*(36)

    注:薪水范围(25%-75%)表示:50%的从业人员的薪水位处该薪资水平段之间——25%低于该水平,25%高于该水平。
    参考资料

    (1) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (2) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (3) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (4) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1031 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (5) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (6) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1041 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (7) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (8) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1043 Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (9) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25-1051 Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (10) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (11) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1053 Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (12) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (13) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1061 Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (14) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1062 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (15) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (16) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1064 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (17) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (18) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (19) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1067 Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (20) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (21) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (22) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (23) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1082 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (24) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1111 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (25) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1112 Law Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (26) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1113 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (27) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (28) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (29) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (30) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (31) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (32) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (33) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1191 Graduate Teaching Assistants, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (34) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1192 Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (35) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (36) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 25 -1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (37) Postsecondary teachers, Summary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics


    2016-10-24
    最后修改时间: