记者

    记者、通讯员、新闻分析员(Reporters, correspondents, and broadcast news analysts)

    基本学位要求

    本科及以上

    平均年薪

    记者、通讯员:$46,560

    新闻分析员:$89,240 *(1)(2)

    年薪中值

    记者、通讯员:$36,360

    新闻分析员:$65,530

    (传媒:$53,530;全行业:$36,200)

    薪水范围(25%-75%)

    记者、通讯员:$27,090 - $56,780

    新闻分析员:$38,960 - $111,290*(1)(2)

    典型专业

    传播艺术

    工作经验要求

    在岗培训

    从业人数

    记者、通讯员:41,050

    新闻分析员:4,730 *(1)(2)

    十年岗位增数

    -4,800

    记者、通讯员:-4,200

    新闻分析员:-600*(3)

    十年岗位增幅

    -9%

    记者、通讯员:-8%

    新闻分析员:-13%

    (传媒:4%;全行业:7%)*(3)

    产业最集中

    记者、通讯员:怀俄明州

    新闻分析员:阿拉斯加州*(1)(2)

    从业人口最多

    记者、通讯员:纽约州

    新闻分析员:加州*(1)(2)

    注:

    (1)薪水范围(25%-75%)表示:50%的从业人员的薪水位处该薪资水平段之间——25%低于该水平,25%高于该水平

    (2)岗前培训表示:该职业从业人员被公司录用后,正式上岗或获得熟练技能前所需的培训状况。

    (3)十年岗位增数表示:2014-2024年该职业预期将增加的就业岗位数,同理“十年岗位增幅”

    工作内容

    记者、通讯员、新闻分析员(Reporters, correspondents, and broadcast news analysts)主要从事公开传达国际、国家和当地发生的新闻和重大事件。

    职责权限——

    • 研究话题或故事
    • 采访
    • 撰写文章
    • 校对
    • 建立关系网
    • 分析信息并诠释
    • 更新新闻

    记者、通讯员又称新闻工作者,主要从事于专业媒体机构:广播电视台或新闻报纸。通常从事该类职业又被称为主持人。从事新闻报纸、杂志,尤其是互联网出版业的新闻记者需及时更新文章。该职业可分为现场直播即新闻播报员或新闻主持人与报社专栏记者。新闻工作者可遍布全球,初次职业以外,还包括时事评论员和专栏作家,该职业主要是针对时政、要闻进行分析评价。

    新闻分析员还包括天气播报员。具备记者、通讯、播音专业背景还可进入高校开设教学工作。*(4)      

    工作环境

    记者、通讯员从事行业一览*(1)

    Industry

     

    Employment

    Percent of industry employment

    Hourly mean wage

    Annual mean wage

    Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers

    图书出版业(报纸、期刊、杂志等)

    29,100

    6.32

    20

    $40,590

    Radio and Television Broadcasting

    广播电视业

    10,690

    4.98

    24

    $50,640

    Other Information Services

    其他信息服务业

    4,060

    2.39

    28

    $58,280

    Cable and Other Subscription Programming

    有线电视及其他订阅节目

    610

    0.82

    27

    $57,050

    Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools

    高等教育

    280

    0.01

    24

    $49,850

    Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers

    独立艺术家、作家及演员

    50

    0.11

    $16.28

    33,860

    Social Advocacy Organizations

    社会宣传机构

    110

    0.06

    $36.35

    $75,610

    Management of Companies and Enterprises

    公司及企业管理

    250

    0.01

    $26.82

    $55,790

    新闻分析员从事行业一览*(2)

    Industry

     

    Employment

    Percent of industry employment

    Hourly mean wage

    Annual mean wage

    Radio and Television Broadcasting

    广播电视业

    4,080

    1.9

    $39.36

    $81,870

    Other Information Services

    其他信息服务业

    480

    0.28

    $21.76

    $45,260

    Cable and Other Subscription Programming

    有线电视及其他订阅节目

    290

    0.39

    $49.17

    $102,260

    Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers

    图书出版业(报纸、期刊、杂志等)

    110

    0.02

    $30.43

    $63,300

    Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools

    高等教育

    70

    0

    $27.60

    $57,410

    Management of Companies and Enterprises

    公司及企业管理

    40

    -7

    $38.55

    $80,180

    记者、通讯员、新闻分析员因为工作性质关系基本上没有固定的办公场所,哪里有新闻工作就在哪里。*(5)

    入行门槛

    记者、通讯员及新闻分析员职业要求:本科及以上相关专业(英语政治学)学历;工作经验。该职业提升空间很大,还可转行到新闻编辑职业。

    技能要求——

    沟通技巧(Communication skills)

    客观中立(Objectivity)

    人际交往能力(People skills)

    意志力(Persistence)

    体力(Stamina)*(6)

    就业展望与薪资

    以美国为例,记者、通讯员职业平均年薪$46,560,从业人数约41,050;新闻分析员平均年薪:$89,240,从业人数约4,730;预计未来十年,整个行业增幅7%,而记者、通讯员则相对下降8%,新闻分析员下降13%;从从业人数来说,新闻分析员明显下降。近年来,大型媒体公司频繁吞并小机构,裁员现象严重,因此,该职业就业压力面临很大的挑战,就业人数需求急剧下降。*(7)

    记者、通讯员行业年薪一览

    图书出版业(报纸、期刊、杂志等)

    $40,590

    广播电视业

    $50,640

    其他信息服务业

    $58,280

    有线电视及其他订阅节目

    $57,050

    高等教育

    $49,850

    独立艺术家、作家及演员

    33,860

    社会宣传机构

    $75,610

    公司及企业管理

    $55,790

    新闻分析员行业年薪一览

    广播电视业

    $81,870

    其他信息服务业

    $45,260

    有线电视及其他订阅节目

    $102,260

    图书出版业(报纸、期刊、杂志等)

    $63,300

    高等教育

    $57,410

    公司及企业管理

    $80,180

    2015年

    • 记者、通讯员

    美国从业人数最多州(前五):  

    State Employment Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
    New York 3,710 0.41 1.39 $30.28 $62,980
    California 3,630 0.23 0.79 $23.07 $47,990
    Florida 2,500 0.32 1.06 $21.23 $44,160.00
    District of Columbia 2,500 3.7 12.43 $37.44 $77,870
    Texas 2,080 0.18 0.6 $18.83 $39,170.00

    *(1)
    美国产业最集中州(前五):

    State Employment Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
    District of Columbia 2,500 3.7 12.43 $37.44 $77,870
    South Dakota 300 0.73 2.47 $14.21 $29,560
    North Dakota 260 0.58 1.94 $11.68 $24,290.00
    Wyoming 160 0.57 1.9 $13.36 $27,780
    Montana 250 0.55 1.85 $14.53 $30,220.00

    *(1)
    美国从业人数最多都会区:

    Metropolitan area Employment  Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
    New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 3,020 0.47 1.57 $33.29 $69,240
    Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 2,890 1.2 4.02 $36.21 $75,320
    Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 1,600 0.39 1.31 $22.96 $47,750
    Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division 940 0.26 0.89 $22.58 $46,970
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division 690 0.39 1.32 $30.02 $62,440
    Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 650 0.26 0.89 $30.71 $63,880
    Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 540 0.35 1.18 $23.81 $49,520
    Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 510 0.27 0.92 $23.07 $47,980
    Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 460 0.41 1.38 $26.91 $55,970
    Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 450 0.33 1.1 $25.08 $52,170

    *(1)
    美国产业业最集中都会区:

    Metropolitan area Employment  Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
    Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 290 1.23 4.12 $17.37 $36,120
    Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 2,890 1.2 4.02 $36.21 $75,320
    Missoula, MT 60 1.11 3.72 $14.06 $29,240
    Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL 40 0.8 2.68 $19.79 $41,150
    Bismarck, ND 60 0.75 2.52 $14.10 $29,330
    Lima, OH 40 0.74 2.47 $14.03 $29,190
    Cheyenne, WY 30 0.74 2.5 $18.10 $37,650
    Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 250 0.73 2.44 $24.15 $50,220
    Santa Fe, NM 40 0.71 2.38 $17.49 $36,370
    Medford, OR 60 0.71 2.38 $17.57 $36,550
    • 新闻分析员

    美国从业人数最多州(前五):    

    State Employment Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
    New York 800 0.09 2.61 $44.51 $92,570
    California 530 0.03 1 $37.55 $78,100
    Illinois 290 0.05 1.46 $44.17 $91,880.00
    Florida 290 0.04 1.08 $63.44 $131,950
    Ohio 200 0.04 1.12 $41.94 $87,230.00

    *(2)
    美国产业最集中州(前五):

    State Employment Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
    New York 800 0.09 2.61 $44.51 $92,570
    Alabama 160 0.09 2.48 $47.38 $98,550
    Idaho 50 0.08 2.32 $37.52 $78,050.00
    South Carolina 130 0.07 1.91 $35.88 $74,630
    Rhode Island 30 0.07 2.08 - -

    *(2)
    美国从业人数最多都会区:

    Metropolitan area Employment  Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
    New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 670 0.1 3 $47.57 $98,950
    Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 330 0.08 2.34 $40.12 $83,440
    Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 140 0.07 2.16 - -
    Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division 120 0.11 3.18 - -
    Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 110 0.04 1.29 $43.49 $90,460
    Salt Lake City, UT 70 0.1 2.9 $40.74 $84,730
    Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 60 0.05 1.54 - -
    Birmingham-Hoover, AL 60 0.11 3.22 $51.43 $106,970
    Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 50 0.04 1.26 $50.02 $104,040
    Oklahoma City, OK 40 0.07 2.13 - -

    *(2)
    美国产业业最集中都会区:

    Metropolitan area Employment  Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage
    Lexington-Fayette, KY 30 0.13 3.78 $34.46 $71,690
    Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division 120 0.11 3.18 - -
    Charleston-North Charleston, SC 40 0.11 3.3 $34.36 $71,480
    Birmingham-Hoover, AL 60 0.11 3.22 $51.43 $106,970
    Salt Lake City, UT 70 0.1 2.9 $40.74 $84,730
    New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 670 0.1 3 $47.57 $98,950
    Tulsa, OK 40 0.08 2.44 - -
    Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 330 0.08 2.34 $40.12 $83,440
    Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 140 0.07 2.16 - -
    Oklahoma City, OK 40 0.07 2.13 - -

    *(2)
    注:

    (1) Location quotient :产业集中指数,其数值是该州该产业的从业人数的比重与全美平均水准的比值,大于1代表该州该职业每千人从业人数比例高于全美平均水平,反之,小于1则代表其低于全美平均水平。公式:(Employment per thousand jobs)/[Σ(Employment per thousand jobs)/50]

    (2) 以上表均是2015年5月美国劳工统计局公布的数据。

     

    2012年

    从业人数最多州*(1)(2)

    记者、通讯员、新闻分析师

    State

    Employment

    Employment per thousand jobs

    Location quotient

    Hourly mean wage

    Annual mean wage

    New York

    4,860

    0.57

    1.63

    $29.88

    $62,140

    California

    4,540

    0.32

    0.91

    $23.90

    $49,700

    Florida

    2,480

    0.34

    0.98

    $21.79

    $45,330

    Ohio

    2,210

    0.44

    1.25

    $18.05

    $37,540

    Texas

    2,210

    0.21

    0.6

    $18.21

    $37,880

    California

    680

    0.05

    1.2

    $45.33

    $94,290

    New York

    520

    0.06

    1.53

    $45.90

    $95,470

    Texas

    420

    0.04

    0.99

    $34.00

    $70,710

    Illinois

    290

    0.05

    1.29

    $41.17

    $85,640

    Florida

    250

    0.03

    0.87

    $54.01

    $112,350

    产业最集中州*(1)(2)

    记者、通讯员、新闻分析师

    State

    Employment

    Employment per thousand jobs

    Location quotient

    Hourly mean wage

    Annual mean wage

    District of Columbia

    2,020

    3.09

    8.83

    $35.65

    $74,150

    Wyoming

    250

    0.9

    2.58

    $13.33

    $27,720

    Iowa

    1,250

    0.85

    2.42

    $14.03

    $29,180

    Vermont

    220

    0.73

    2.1

    $19.97

    $41,530

    South Dakota

    290

    0.73

    2.09

    $12.45

    $25,900

    District of Columbia

    230

    0.35

    8.69

    $33.28

    $69,210

    Alaska

    40

    0.13

    3.26

    $28.22

    $58,690

    Idaho

    60

    0.1

    2.44

    $22.71

    $47,240.00

    Alabama

    170

    0.09

    2.31

    $29.22

    $60,780.00

    Virginia

    230

    0.06

    1.61

    $41.80

    $86,950

    注:

    (1) Location quotient :产业集中指数,其数值是该州该产业的从业人数的比重与全美平均水准的比值,大于1代表该州该职业每千人从业人数比例高于全美平均水平,反之,小于1则代表其低于全美平均水平。公式:(Employment per thousand jobs)/[Σ(Employment per thousand jobs)/50]

    (2) 以上两表均是2012年5月美国劳工统计局公布的数据。

    参考资料

    (1) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 27 -3022 Reporters and Correspondents U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (2) Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012 27 -3021 Broadcast News Analysts U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (3) Reporters, correspondents, and broadcast news analysts, Summary U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (4) Reporters, correspondents, and broadcast news analysts, What They Do U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (5) Reporters, correspondents, and broadcast news analysts, Work Environment U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (6) Reporters, correspondents, and broadcast news analysts, How to Become One U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    (7) Reporters, correspondents, and broadcast news analysts, Job Outlook U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics


    2016-10-24
    最后修改时间: